Medical Data

Purpose/Aim

To collect and code injury data (according to the Abbreviated Injury Scale) and perform injury mechanism analysis – to classify accidents by medical injury severity and allow analysis on the potential for injury reduction.

Methods

Database entries to be made fully anonymous, without any personal names, addresses or vehicle registration numbers included.

All Teams

  • Note Police recorded injury severity for each person involved.
  • Attempt, with permission, to collect medical records from hospitals or other appropriate sources (e.g. pathologist or doctors) and describe the injuries.
  • To follow all necessary ethical and data protection procedures both in the acquisition, processing and storage of any information on both paper or electronic media.

Developing and Experienced Teams

  • Code injuries according to AIS 2005 (update 2008) manual by trained medical personal.
  • Carry out a case by case analysis of the possible mechanisms or causes of injuries.

Equipment

Please refer to the Medical Data section of the Equipment List for the Medical Data equipment list.

Arrangements

All Teams

  • Ethical approval if necessary.
  • Consent forms to obtain medical records including routines on how to send and receive these forms.
  • Agreement with local hospitals to access medical records.
  • Please note: the DaCoTA training programme will cover the collection and basic description of injuries, but will not be able to provide authorised AIS training. Additionally, it is recommended that at least one investigator from each team should receive official AIS training and acquire the necessary manual.
  • A list of authorized training organisations can be provided upon request.

Experienced Teams

  • Fully trained and experienced medical personnel for AIS coding and analysis of the causes of injuries.